egroth got their new infographic by running a design contest:
Water Treatment Technology Infograph - Hart Energy
Check out egroth's Infographic contest…
Story to tell in the infographic
This infograph is about the variety of water treatment technologies for wastewater created by oil and gas production.
Data to include in the infographic
*Please see attached Word document to see visuals. WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES Increasing water scarcity is driving the need for smart and efficient water treatment technologies. Oil and gas production generates significant volumes of wastewater. Due to its nature, treatment is necessary to ensure the water meets state and federal regulations before disposal or to meet the specifications necessary for recycling. • The wastewater—or produced water as it is commonly known—is water that was trapped in underground formations and was brought to the surface along with the oil or gas during production. • The produced water has been in contact with the hydrocarbon-bearing formation for centuries and contains chemical characteristics of the formation and the hydrocarbon itself. • Estimated volume of produced water in the U.S. is 21 billion bbl/year. • Globally, additional production is estimated at a volume of more than 50 billion bbl/year. • Produced water salinity in the U.S. ranges from 100 mg/l to 400,000 mg/l (seawater is 35,000 mg/l). • Produced water can contain a mixture of: o Dissolved inorganic salts; o Dispersed oil droplets; o Dissolved organic compounds (dissolved “oil”); o Treatment and workover chemicals; o Dissolved gases (particularly hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide); o Bacteria and other living organisms; o Dispersed solid particles; o Dissolved naturally-occurring radioactive minerals. • Flowback—the water used during drilling and hydraulic fracturing operations that has returned to the surface— is also found in produced water. What are some of the commonly used types of water treatment? The Colorado School of Mines reviewed and categorized 54 water treatment technologies. Below are a few of the more common processes—according to the CSM report—broken out by where it would fall in the treatment process. • Solids Separation o Hydrocyclone • Primary o Corrugated plate separators o Solid/liquid hydrocyclone o Liquid/liquid hydrocyclone • Secondary o Induced gas flotation separators o Dissolved gas flotation separators • Tertiary o Walnut shell filters o Media filters o Cartridge filters o Activated carbon filters • Advanced o Biological o Membranes Does the amount of produced water decline over the life of the well? No, as an oil field matures, the rate of oil production decreases while water production increases. The current water/oil ratio is estimated at 2:1 to 3:1 worldwide, converting to a water cut of 50% to 75%. What rules or regulations cover the management, treatment and disposal of produced water? Under the Clean Water Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has the central authority to protect drinking water through the creation and enforcement of national water quality standards. Several provisions under both acts cover the safe handling and disposal of produced water. For example, the Uniform Injection Control (UIC) program under the Safe Drinking Water Act was created to regulate the subsurface emplacement of fluid. In addition, state oil and gas agencies may also have additional regulations in place. What options are available to oil and gas operators for managing produced water? Operators have several options, including: 1. Inject produced water: Reinject the produced water back into the formation. Treatment of the produced water may be necessary to prevent fouling, scaling agents and bacteria prior to injection. a. 65% of the produced water generated in the U.S. is injected back into the producing formation, 30% into deep saline formations and 5% is discharged to surface waters. b. Though generally considered a nonrevenue product, produced water can have significant value in enhanced oil recovery techniques if it meets certain quality standards. Treatment of produced water can lead to value through incremental oil recovery from waterflood projects and by incurring a lower cost for disposal via injection of clean water. 2. Reuse in oil and gas operations: Treat the produced water to meet the quality specifications required for use in drilling, hydraulic fracturing or workover operations. SOURCES: http://www.all-llc.com/publicdownloads/ALLConsulting-WaterTreatmentOptionsReport.pdf http://www.spe.org/ogf/print/archives/2012/02/02_12_12_PFCRoundup.pdf http://www.producedwatersociety.com/#!produced-water-facts/chwh http://aqwatec.mines.edu/produced_water/treat/docs/Tech_Assessment_PW_Treatment_Tech.pdf http://www.oilandgasbmps.org/laws/federal_water_quality_law.htm http://www.wateronline.com/doc/produced-water-treatment-technologies-evaluating-the-pros-and-cons-0001 http://www.slideshare.net/gusgon/produced-water-treatment-to-enhance-oil-recovery?from_action=save
Elements to include in the infographic
The visuals included in the Word doc are great for explaining each type of treatment technology. See attached slide as well.
• This should be 2550px x 10800 or 8.5x36 inches at 300DPI with a 1/8in bleed and 3/8in internal bleed for important content. Please include all fonts/font links, images used source files etc. • THIS NEEDS TO BE AN INDESIGN FILE. Brand the bottom with the Hart Energy logo provided - choose the one that works best but do not alter the logo. Also, please look at the following link at other infographs we have done in the past for ideas. http://www.ugcenter.com/ugc-infographs
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Every design category has flexible pricing for all budgets. Infographic starts at $599.
Full copyright with production-ready files for digital and/or print.
It all began with a design brief.
A quick, interactive guide helped them understand their design style and captured exactly what they needed in their infographic.
Designers across the globe delivered design magic.
egroth collaborated with designers to refine their ideas
When design entries come in, you can rate them so designers know what you’re looking for in your logo design.
99designs has great collaboration tools so you can pinpoint and capture your ideas
And then… they selected a winner!
Along the way, they met lots of talented designers…
We think contests are a super fun way to get design.
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